ULTRALÄTT-
VIKTNING

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Tvärsnitt av provbit i kolfiberkomposit modifierad av vår produkt för Ultralättviktning.

MNTFs
NANOTILLSATS

Ultra Lightweighting, eller Ultralättviktning på svenska, är "pund för pund" den mest effektiva lättviktningsåtgärden i världen.

Ultralättviktning – prestandahöjning av lättviktningsmaterial – möjliggörs av vår produkt, nanotillsatsen MNTFs Additive, som är en högpresterande modifierare av materialegenskaper baserad på våra patenterade nanopartiklar Multi-layer carbon Nanoparticle of Toroid Form. Prestandahöjningen genereras av en ultra-låg koncentration på 0,001-0,01w%. Beroende på kundbehov möjliggör detta antingen en minskning av krav på materialtjocklek hos strukturella element utan att kompromissa med mekaniska egenskaper eller ett starkare, styvare material med högre resistens mot abrasivt slitage och en ökad elektrisk ledningsförmåga.

AEROSPACE
ULTRA
LIGHT-
WEIGHTING

Med ett tillvägagångssätt på systemnivå, vilket innebär att man överväger potentialen för ultralättviktning från första början av designprocessen, är det möjligt att optimera designen av ett 140 ton tungt, 300-sittplatsers kolfiberflygplan med ett listpris på 325 miljoner dollar.

Ett kilo (1kg) av vår produkt ultralättviktar kolfiberdelarna i ett 140 tons kolfiberflygplan och adresserar följande fem primära områden för ultralättviktning inom flygindustrin:

Viktbesparingar – Vår produkt möjliggör viktbesparingar på 40% av kolfiberkompositdelarna eller totalt 28 ton, vilket motsvarar kostnadsbesparingar på 8,7 miljoner dollar.

Bränsleförbrukning – Vår produkt möjliggör en minskning av bränsleförbrukningen med 20% eller över 10 ton bränsle för en enda Atlantkorsning, vilket motsvarar en kostnadsbesparing på 10 miljoner dollar under flygplanets livslängd.

CO2-utsläpp – Vår produkt möjliggör en minskning av koldioxidutsläppen med 20% eller över 30 ton för en enda Atlantkorsning.

Räckvidd – Vår produkt förbättrar räckviddsflexibiliteten med 20% eller 2800 km, vilket ökar antalet möjliga direktflygsdestinationer runt om i världen.

Åskskydd – Kolfiberkomposit kan inte mildra de potentiellt skadliga elektromagnetiska effekterna från ett blixtnedslag. Den vanligaste lösningen på detta problem är att införa metaller tillbaka i flygplanet. Metallnät eller expanderad folie som läggs till kompositstrukturen för detta ändamål negerar lättviktningssåtgärder och bidrar inte till strukturell styrka. Kolfiberkomposit modofierad med vår produkt fungerar som en elektrisk skärm runt strukturen som skyddar mot blixtnedslag och samtidigt bidrar till strukturell styrka.

Översättning till svenska är “under konstruktion”.

MÖJLIGHET:
VÄRLDS-LEDANDE
KOLFIBER-
KOMPOSIT

Kolfibertillverkare med kolfiber av T800-nivå kan med hjälp av vår produkt överträffa den nuvarande världsledaren inom kolfiberkomposit, japanska Toray, med mer än 30% eller nästan 1000 MPa, vilket skulle vara det största språnget i utvecklingen av kolfiberkomposit på över 30 år.

COMPETITION

Competing technologies in the mechanical property modifiers of carbon fiber composites based on polymer matrices segment of the plastics additives industry are mainly based on Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Graphene.

CNTs and Graphene are both amazing materials with incredible properties – in their original pristine form. However, CNTs have been used as an additive in tens of thousands of attempts to modify mechanical properties of carbon fiber composites and Graphene is still only at the beginning of its journey from material to technology.

Torus vs Tube: Semi-scientific demonstration of the lifebouy-shape of the MNTFs nanoparticles that provide a micro-mechanical flotation device-style interlocking adding to the degree of efficiency as a modifier of composite properties as opposed to the detrimental sliding of the atomically smooth walls of the CNTs against the macromolecules of the surrounding polymer matrix, which eventually will cause stress concentration and crack initiation.

RADAR CHART
COMPARISON

The MNTFs radar chart total of 580 outscores the heavily hyped nanomaterials CNTs (250) and Graphene (185).
1. The unique physical properties and topology of the MNTFs Nanoparticle eliminates the need for surface modification (functionalization) for composite matrix integration.
2. MNTFs are less susceptible than CNTs to fracture or deformation by the shear stresses imparted upon them in the dispersion and deagglomeration process. Also, because of the lifebuoy-shape, MNTFs agglomeration when suspended in liquids is more manageable being free from the problematic ‘snake-pit’ entanglement of CNTs.
3. Scalable Graphene production is a challenge.
4. The MNTFs Nanoparticle Additive has successfully achieved TRL 9 as a nanomaterial and TRL 4 (lab environment) as a modifier of  mechanical properties of carbon fiber composites: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden has conducted independent tests of the compression module on a component made of carbon fiber composite modified by our product, which verified a performance enhancement of over 40% compared to Japanese world-leading carbon fiber manufacturer Toray.
5. The MNTFs Nanoparticle Additive is patented.
6. Hype constitutes the bulk of the Graphene radar chart score.
7. The loading concentration efficiency of the MNTFs Nanoparticle Additive is ‘off the charts’ (0.001 – 0.01 w%), making it pound-for-pound the most efficient lightweighting measure in the world.

TECHNOLOGY

Our product is based on our own patented nanoparticles, the MNTFs (Multi-layer carbon nanoparticle of toroid form), which is a unique nanomaterial and can be described as a Graphene donut as it consists of 20-50 Graphene layers made up of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal lattices rolled up into a donut (or lifebuoy) shape with a diameter of 15-150 nm. The Graphene layers in our nanomaterial are infinite by nature because of the circular geometry, and devoid of the imperfect outer layer edges of 2D Graphene.

TEM image of MNTF (Multi-layer carbon nanoparticle of toroid form) known as the Graphene donut.

MODIFIER CAPABILIITY

The modifier efficiency of our product is generated by powerful interaction effects originating from the presence of an uninterrupted conjugated system of delocalized π-electrons in the multi-layers.

Fluctuating polarization of sp2-hybridized π-orbitals create conditions for giant resonances in the electromagnetic field of the system with an amplification factor of up to several orders of magnitude (3×10^4). The torque created by the giant resonances modifies and redirects van der Waals interactions, which triggers a control phenomenon at the interface between the carbon fibers and the matrix.
Polymerization and crystal formation processes in the inorganic system of the carbon fiber composite are affected by the modified van der Waals-forces, which are organizing the surrounding macromolecules into a 10 microns thick interfacial layer of perpendicularly oriented polymer chains.

MNTFs nanoparticles exhibits a giant amplification of the intensity of both variable and static electromagnetic fields on the surface.

The interfacial layer improves the level of elastic deformation, binds free energy, contributes to overall system stability and enables stress transfer and dissipation for increased resistance to external loading.

SEM image (x2000) of interfacial layer

Our product has the highest loading concentration efficiency in the additive industry (0.001 – 0.01 w%), and is not application- or system-intrusive, meaning it can seamlessly integrate into any existing manufacturing process with minimal negative impact on matrix viscosity and curing schedules.

PERFORMANCE
ENHANCEMENT

Examples of performance enhancements generated by our product in carbon fiber composites:

• Tensile strength of carbon fiber composite is improved by 40%.

• SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden has conducted independent tests of the compression modulus on a component made of carbon fiber composite modified by our product, which has verified a performance enhancement of over 40% compared to Japanese world-leading carbon fiber manufacturer Toray.

Examples of performance improvements generated by our product in other materials:

• Abrasive wear resistance in bronze is improved by 500%.

• Chemical resistance to nuclear waste in borosilicate glass is improved by 400%.

SUSTAINABILITY

Our product is produced from recycled residue products of Carbon Nanotube production, has the lowest loading concentration in the additive industry, and allows ultra lightweighting through reduction of material thickness requirements, which in turn enables reduction of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere.

The production process reduces the use of raw materials, which means the Earth’s limited resources is used in a sustainable manner while minimizing environmental impact. The product thus has the potential to contribute to an environmentally sustainable society according to at least the following global sustainability goals in the UN Development Program UNDP by 2030: i) to achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources; ii) to substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse; and iii) to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.

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